Editor’s Note: Many of the same things we look to do today in our station designs are not new. In this month’s look back at station designs from years past, we have descriptions of multiple bungalow fire station designs. These stations blend into the communities for which they respond. Of course, fire apparatus were smaller in 1922 and 1923 when these stations were built, but even then attempts were made to take on the architecture of the communities around stations.
Enjoy this look back at station designs from years gone by.
Chris Mc Loone, Editor
Some Good Examples of Bungalow Fire Station Design
Very Handsome and Effective Designs in Fire Houses in Fort Worth, Tex.—Harmonize with Surrounding Dwellings in Suburban Sections
THE following description of the unusually handsome bungalow stations built to house the various suburban companies of the Ft. Worth, Texas, fire department will be found of interest in giving chiefs suggestions as to designing and erecting fire stations for which there is always a great demand. Chief Ferguson was born in the foothills of the Ozark Mountains in southwest Missouri in 1866. He was brought to Texas by his parents in a covered wagon in 1873 and attended the public school in Fort Worth from the age of eleven until he was fourteen years of age, at which time, according to his own account, he quit school on the request of his father and was made “chief engineer” to a pair of mules doing railroad construction work. He helped to organize and was a charter member of Company No. 5 of the old Ft. Worth volunteer department in 1888. He was appointed captain on December 1, 1893, when the department was reorganized and made a full paid one. He was promoted to a first assistant chief under Chief Bideker on April 12, 1905, and when Chief Bideker resigned November 25, 1919, he was made chief of the department. According to Chief Ferguson’s own account he has been “35 years in the service and not yet a graduate.”
Knowing that there is a great demand among my readers for designs in bungalow fire stations, I am including in this article designs and illustrations of the eight fire stations of this class in the Fort Worth fire department. These stations are all built of brick with tile roofs and are located in the residential section of the city. All of them except two are what we call one-piece stations, that is, constructed to house one piece of fire apparatus and one company of from five to seven men. On the contrary. No. 8 and No. 18 stations are “two-piece,” or two-company stations, and are, in consequence, two-story buildings. These stations were erected during 1922 and 1923.
- The Last Word in Firehouse Construction Embodied in Two New Stations for Fort Worth
Fort Worth Celebrates Diamond Jubilee
The city of Fort Worth, which has a population of 155,660, an area of 38.82 square miles and an altitude of 670 feet, celebrated its diamond jubilee on November 11 to 14, 1923, this being the 75th year of the founding of the city and the 50th year of its charter. The fire department, which was organized December 1. 1893, is a full paid one. It was fully motorized on fuly 3. 1919, and on the 19th of that month the twoplatoon system was installed. It now has 227 officers and men. and there are 19 fire stations. John Alderman is the fire and police commissioner. With this introduction I will proceed to describe the eight stations illustrated in this article.
Fire Station No. 4
Fire station No. 4, as will be seen by referring to the illustration, is a one-story bungalow structure. A handsome porch of suitable design in keeping with the building, is 16×9 feet and leads into the living room, the dimensions of which are 13 x 16 feet 2 inches. Beyond this is a hall 5 x 8 feet, which leads into the dormitory in the rear of the building, lit on two sides by six windows, and 16 feet 2 inches by 19 feet 11 inches in size. On the left-hand side of the dormitory are five lockers, and in the right-hand corner are four more lockers, making nine in all for the use of the men in the dormitory. Between the living room and the dormitory, are the toilets, bathrooms, shower baths and linen room. On the opposite side of the building, that to the left as one enters, approached by a driveway, is the apparatus room, 16×32 feet. A novel arrangement that is characteristic of all the houses, as will be seen by referring to the plans and illustrations, is the arrangement of doors. This is intended to give to these doors when closed the appearance of windows surrounded by a brick wall. This arrangement adds to the beauty of the building and preserves its contour. giving the impression of a residence and taking away the fire engine house idea. Back of the apparatus room is the kitchen, in the rear of the building, which has dimensions of 12×12 feet, and is equipped with stove, boiler, a sink, cupboards and pan closets.
Fire Station No. 6
Fire Station No. 6 is very similar in design to that of No. 4, the building itself differing very little in exterior design and the inside arrangement of rooms being the same,
Fire Station No. 8.
Fire Station No. 8 is one of the two “two-piece” stations, housing two fire companies. This structure, as will be seen by referring to the plans and illustrations, is also brick and contains the living room, kitchen and apparatus rooms on the first floor and the dormitory, locker room and bathroom on the second floor. The living room opens from the porch and is 16×20 feet 2 inches. Back of this is the kitchen. 12 x 12 feet 2 inches, and in the rear of this is the apparatus room No. 2. with a driveway leading to the street; this building being built on a corner. On the right of the porch is the drive leading into the first apparatus room. 16 x 42 feet and back of which is a storeroom 8 x 11 feet, and a toilet room. On the second floor the dormitory is in the rear with plenty of window space and occupies 22 feet 4 inches x 37 feet 4 inches. In the front of this, there is on the left side a bath room with shower, 11 feet 6 inches x 12 feet 3 inches, and on the right a locker room 11 feet 6 inches x 20 feet 9 inches and containing 14 lockers. The grounds, as will be seen are very handsomely parked, this being a characteristic of all of the stations in order to preserve their residential character.
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Examples of Bungalow Fire Stations
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Fire Stations No. 15 and 16
These are single piece stations, their general arrangement being very similar, the floor plans being practically the same, and the style of architecture being nearly identical. Behind the porch, 10 x 24 feet, there is a living room, 24 by 16 feet, and between this and the dormitory, measuring 24 feet 4 inches x 22 feet is the bathroom 9 feet 8 inches x
12 feet, a hall 4 x 12 feet and a living room 9 feet 8 inches x 12 feet. On the other side of the house, entered by the drive, is the apparatus room 16 x 40 feet, behind which is the kitchen 16 x 10 feet 4 inches.
Fire Station No. 17
In Fire Station No. 17 we have a little variation of design, as far as the exterior is concerned. This is a very neat and well-designed station suitable for a suburban section. The porch occupies 8 x 16 feet 4 inches leading into the living room 13 x 16 feet 2 inches in dimension. The hallway, 5 feet 7 inches x 8 feet is on the right, and the bathroom and showers on the left separating the dormitory from the living room. The latter is 16 feet 2 inches x 19 feet 11 inches in dimensions and contains ten lockers, arranged on two sides of the room. The apparatus room on the right hand side of the building is 16 x 32 feet, and has the kitchen in the rear, 12 x 12 feet.
Fire Station No. 18
This is the second of the two-piece stations referred to in the introduction of this article. As will be seen its design is at variance with that of the other two piece house, that of Station No. 8. This building also has two entrances for apparatus, one at the front and one on the side street, it being built on a corner lot, as will be seen by referring to the illustration. This is one of the new stations and parking of the grounds had not yet been completed when the picture was taken. The porch, which is on the right hand corner of the building, enters the living room, and the kitchen is situated just back of it, with the stairway and hall to the right. There are entrances into both apparatus rooms, that to apparatus room No. 1 through the living room and that to apparatus room 2 through apparatus room No. 1. The former is 18×43 feet and occupies the right-hand side of building, and the latter, 18×32 feet, is in the rear of the structure. The second floor is occupied by the dormitory, 20×34 feet and the bath and locker rooms.
Fire Station No. 19
Fire Station No. 19 is a complete departure in design from the other station, yet preserves the residential character which is so essential to the neighborhoods in which these stations are situated. The porch is on the right hand side of the building and is bricked in, with lights on three sides, occupying a space of 8×16 feet. Beyond this is a living room 13×16 feet with window seats and book-racks on the right hand wall. A hallway, 5×8 feet leads into a dormitory in the rear, equipped with ten lockers on both sides of the room. The bath, shower and linen rooms are between the apparatus room and the dormitory. The driveway leads into the apparatus room, 16×32 feet and the kitchen is in the rear and is a square room with dimensions of 12×12 feet. This is also one of the new stations and the parking, as will be seen, was not completed when the picture was taken.
This concludes the description of the eight new stations of the Ft. Worth fire department and in submitting them to FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING I hope they will prove of benefit to other chiefs and provide some suggestions to them in designing their bungalow fire stations.